Fundamental Hydraulic Studies

The study of hydraulic science and its application within the mechanical, power, civil and chemical engineering sectors is of crucial importance. Cussons’ range provides compact water-based laboratory experiments to illustrate all of the main ideas of fluid mechanics. The equipment offered enables students to understand liquid flowrate and pressure measurement techniques, Bernoulli’s theorem, frictional effects and losses, rotating machines, enclosed flow through orifices, open surface flow over weirs, momentum and vortex phenomena and other concepts. This is achieved by practical hands-on experimentation devised to illustrate the underpinning theory provided in the experiment manuals.

P6100 - Hydraulic Bench

Description

The Cussons Hydraulic Bench provides the basic services for pumping and volumetric measurement of water supply. Various optional modules are available to form a comprehensive laboratory facility which enables a detailed Mechanics of Fluids Experimental Course to be followed. The equipment is designed to provide a clear visual appreciation of hydraulic principles and has been featured by BBC Television on the Open University Mechanics of Fluids course.

Hydraulic Studies
Hydraulic Studies

P6211 - Cavitation Demonstration Unit

Description

This compact and cost effective unit provides experimental capabilities to study the cavitation effect including observation of the relationship between cavitation and temperature and observation of the relationships between discharge, velocity and pressure.

Cavitation Demonstration Unit
Cavitation Demonstration Unit

P6220/21/22 - Water Flow In Pipes and Fittings Experiments

Description

The flow of fluids in closed conduits or pipes is a major topic in mechanical, civil and chemical engineering and is of interest in areas of biology (e.g. blood flow) and medicine (e.g. drip delivery). Cussons offers three experiments, mountable on the Hydraulic Bench:P6220 – Laminar Flow Apparatus, P6221 – Friction Losses in Pipes and Fittings, P6222 – Entry Exit & Expansion Losses

Water Flow In Pipes and Fittings Experiments
Water Flow In Pipes and Fittings Experiments

P6212 - Francis Turbine

Description

Cussons P6212 Model Francis Turbine is designed to be used with Cussons P6290 Hydraulic Service Unit.

Francis Turbine
Francis Turbine

P6223/P6224 - Orifices Studies

Description

Study of liquid flow through an orifice illustrates the need for a semi-empirical approach. Cussons offers two related experiments – each with multiple orifices – which may be mounted on the Hydraulic Bench:P6223 Basic Orifices, P6224 Advanced Orifices

Francis Turbine
Francis Turbine

P6225/P6226 - Open Channel Weirs

Description

SIn open channels weirs are commonly used to either regulate or to measure the volumetric flow rate. Cussons offers the following experiments (with multiple weir plates) which may be mounted on the Hydraulic Bench:P6225 Basic Weirs, P6226 Advanced Weirs

Open Channel Weirs
Open Channel Weirs

P6227 - P2630 - Water Flow Measurement Range

Description

These four different experiments in comparative flow measurement use various techniques operating on the principle of head loss, impulse or velocity:P6227 Venturi Meter, P6229 Turbine Meter, P6228 Orifice Plate, P6230 Pitot Static Tube

Water Flow Measurement Range
Water Flow Measurement Range

P6231 - Bernoulli’s Experiment

Description

This experiment demonstrates the principles of conservation of mass and conservation of energy and may also be used to examine the onset of turbulence in an accelerating stream of water.

Bernoulli’s Experiment
Bernoulli’s Experiment

P6232 - Hydraulic Ram

Description

A hydraulic ram helps to illustrate the principal by which water may be obtained from low lying water sources when no electrical supply is available to power a pump.

Hydraulic Ram
Hydraulic Ram

P6233 - Impact of jets

Description

This apparatus enables experiments on the reaction of a jet of water upon vanes of various forms (fixed vane, a cone shape or a hemispherical) to be carried out and demonstrates the relationship between the forces exerted on the model and the rate of change of momentum of the jet stream

Impact of jets
Impact of jets

P6238 - Free & Forced Vortex Apparatus

Description

The creation of vortices is a common engineering and natural phenomenon worthy of study. This apparatus may be used to plot the shape of free/forced vortices by measurement of surface profile co-ordinates.

Free & Forced Vortex Apparatus
Free & Forced Vortex Apparatus

P6239 - Water flow measurement

Description

This apparatus can be used on the Hydraulic Bench or used as free-standing apparatus in conjunction with a low pressure water supply. The static head at various points in the flow path is measured enabling students to analyse the behaviour of water flowing through a sudden enlargement, transparent venturi meter, an orifice plate and a rotameter.

Water flow measurement
Water flow measurement

P6234 - P6237 - Hydrostatics Experiments

Description

Cussons offers three related experiments mountable on the Hydraulic Bench:P6234 Calibration of Pressure Gauge, P6235 Metacentric Height Apparatus, P6236 Alternative Hulls, P6237 Centre of Pressure Apparatus (Hydrostatic pressure)

Hydrostatics Experiments
Hydrostatics Experiments

P6242 - Hydrostatics bench

Description

As an independent and self-contained unit, the Hydrostatics Bench enables the students to understand the fundamental properties of non-moving fluids. Experimental coverage includes density and relative density; variation of pressure with head; Hare’s Tube; Pascal’s Law; viscosity; capillarity; surface tension; Archimedes Principle; use of vernier level gauge and the hydraulic press.

Hydrostatics bench
Hydrostatics bench

P6242 - Hydrostatics Set

Description

This compact set of hydrostatics apparatus enables students to investigate the fundamental properties of non-moving fluids. P6244 is a reduced version of the apparatus supplied with Cussons’ full size P6242 Hydrostatics Bench.

Hydrostatics Set
Hydrostatics Set

P6248 - Osborne Reynolds Apparatus

Description

This Osborne Reynolds experiment may be used to investigate laminar/streamline flow, turbulent flow and the transition between these two regimes by observation of an injected dye line. It may also be used to determine the upper and lower Critical Velocities and Reynolds Number.

Osborne Reynolds Apparatus
Osborne Reynolds Apparatus

P6240 - Pelton Wheel

Description

The Pelton Wheel is the only form of impulse turbine in common industrial use. It is a robust and simple machine which is ideal for the production of power from low volume water flows at a high head with reasonable efficiency.

Pelton Wheel
Pelton Wheel

P6213- Kaplan Turbine

Description

P6213 is designed for demonstrating and studying the behaviour and operational characteristics of a Kaplan turbine. It is robustly constructed and intended for repeated use in a hydraulics teaching laboratory.

Kaplan Turbine
Kaplan Turbine

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